Hyperpigmentation is the production of excess melanin causing dark spots on the skin. Common skin areas that experience hyperpigmentation are the face, arms, and hands. Age spots, liver spots, freckles, sun spots, melasma (pregnancy mask) are all types of hyperpigmentation.
Common causes of skin hyperpigmentation include:
• Sun exposure (tanning, sun allergy)
• Hormonal changes (after pregnancy or birth control pills)
• Heredity (members of your family have it)
• Botched skin treatments
• Previous skin diseases causing inflammation such as eczema
In situations where hyperpigmentation is caused by acne, botched skin treatment, or some other cause of skin inflammation, Dermatologists call this post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation or PIH.
Melasma is another very common form of hyperpigmentation that commonly occurs with sun exposure and hormone changes such as after pregnancy (the “mask” of pregnancy) or while on birth control pills
Typically, most forms of hyperpigmentation are harmless skin conditions; however, all forms should be evaluated by a board-certified dermatologist.
There are many advertised treatments for hyperpigmentation. Many pharmacy creams and lasers marketed in spas or salons don’t work.
Yet, there are many credible & scientifically proven treatments for hyperpigmentation including:
• IPL (Intense pulsed light or Photofacial): Treatment with intense pulsed light, or a Photofacial, is frequently recommended by dermatologists to treat hyperpigmentation. However, improperly administered IPL treatment can make hyperpigmentation worse; choose your clinic and dermatologist carefully.
• Laser peel: A variety of laser resurfacing treatments may be performed to reduce hyperpigmentation. Fractional lasers are newer and a popular choice for resurfacing hyper pigmented skin. We offer the latest erbyium fractional laser technology with our Sharplight fractional system.
• Topical skin lightening creams & serums: Products containing scientifically-proven skin-lightening ingredients, such as Hydroquinone, Retinol and Vitamin C are very effective. Hydroquinone is the most effective and potent skin lightening agent available. Retinol is a derivate of Vitamin A and can result in peeling of hyperpigmentation and enhancement of collagen production. Vitamin C is an exceptional antioxidant that protects the skin from free radicals and can lighten and rejuvenate the skin. Under the guidance of a board-certified dermatologist, the results can be impressive
Here at BCMD, we are proud to offer the established Obagi line of products and the Obaji Nu-Derm® System to our patients with hyperpigmentation. This system is regarded as the most advanced lightning and brightening skin care system for hyperpigmention in the world. The Obagi Nu-Derm System is not only a brightening treatment but also offers anti-aging benefits by penetrating below the skin’s surface to transform skin cell functions at the cellular level and correct the damage within. The end result is with Obaji products in healthy, younger-looking skin.
At Brampton Cosmetic & Medical Dermatology, we’ll give you honest, simple, clinically-proven advice on the most effective treatments that currently exist for hyperpigmentation. No gimmicks!